42nd (Royal Highland) (The Black Watch) Regiment of Foot

United Kingdom
1661-1662 independent companies raised in the Highlands by local chiefs (supplemented by detachments of Scots Regt of Foot Guards); earliest documents refer to suppressing various crimes including black mail
1668.09.11 Highland Watch company raised by John, Earl of Atholl; this was the first coy not limited to a locality and paid from the state Treasury; subsequent coys were clothed in tartans of their chief, but paid and maintained by the State
1678.09.04 two independent companies raised for security tasks in Highlands
1681.03 independent companies disbanded (Highland policing assumed by two new coys of Earl of Mar's Regt to 1688)
1688? two independent companies raised for security tasks in Highlands
1704 third company raised
1714.08? companies disbanded?
1714.08.09 independent company raised
1715.01.21 two additional companies raised
1718 all companies disbanded
1725.04.24 Independent Highland Companies
four companies raised to police Highlands, commonly called the Reicudan Dhu, or Black Watch
1729 two additional companies raised
1739.10.25 Earl of Craufurd's Regiment
formed by regimentation of existing six coys and four new coys; also known until 1751 by the names of other colonels
1747 ranked as 43rd Foot
1749 ranked as 42nd Foot upon disbandment of Oglethorpe's Regiment
1751.07.01 42nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot
1758.07.22 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot
1861.07.08 42nd (Royal Highland) (The Black Watch) Regiment of Foot
1881.07.01 amalgamated with 73rd Foot to form The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)


[Egypt]1, Corunna, Fuentes D'Onor, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Waterloo, Alma, Sevastopol, Lucknow, Ashantee 1873-4 1. the Sphinx badge superscribed "Egypt".

Note: see also The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) for belatedly awarded battle honours.

Uniform: Highland jacket: scarlet, collar and cuffs: buff, turnbacks: none, lacings: white with two red lines
1739.10.25 Lt-Gen. John (Lindsay), 20th Earl of Crawford [also 4th Tp Horse Gds, 2nd Tp Horse Gren Gds, 2nd Dgns, 25th Foot; AG 1739-43]
1741.01.14 Brig-Gen. Hugh (Forbes), 12th Baron Semphill [also 25th Foot]
1745.06.01 Gen. Lord John Murray
1787.06.01 Gen. Sir Hector Munro, KB
1806.01.03 Gen. George (Gordon), 5th Duke of Gordon, GCB (Marquess of Huntly) [also 3rd Gds, 1st Foot, 92nd Foot]
1820.01.29 Gen. John (Hope), 4th Earl of Hopetoun, GCB [also 6th Bn 60th Foot, 92nd Foot]
1823.09.06 Gen. Sir George Murray, GCB, GCH [also 1st Foot, 7th Bn 60th Foot, 72nd Foot; MGO 1834-35 1841-46]
1844.01.15 Lt-Gen. Sir John Macdonald, GCB [also 53rd Foot, 67th Foot, 92nd Foot]
1850.04.10 Gen. Sir James Dawes Douglas, GCB [also 93rd Foot]
1862.03.07 F.M. George (Hay), 8th Marquess of Tweeddale, KT, GCB [also 2nd Life Gds, 30th Foot; Gov. C-in-C Madras 1842-48]
1863.09.09 Gen. Sir Duncan Alexander Cameron, GCB
Mottos: Nemo Me Impune Lacessit
Nicknames: The Watch, The Forty Twas
Anniversaries: Red Heckle Day (5 Jan)
Marches: Highland Laddie, The Garb of Old Gaul
Miscellaneous Tradition Links: